July 1, 2016

June 2016: IWMI-Tata Policy Paper

On 30th May, ITP organized a half-day policy consultation at the India Habitat Center in New Delhi. In this IWMI-Tata Policy Paper, Shah and others propose an alternative vision for PMKSY...


(Water to Every Farm)

Rethinking Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

Tushaar Shah, Shilp Verma, Neha Durga, Abhishek Rajan, Alankrita Goswami and Alka Palrecha

In its manifesto for 2014 parliamentary elections, Bharatiya Janta Party gave pride of place to universalizing irrigation access by including "Har Hath Ko Kam, Har Khet Ko Pani" as one of its commitments. After the NDA government came to power, this commitment took the form of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana with an allocation of ₹ 50,000 crore over 2015-2020 period with an additional ₹ 20,000 crore placed at the disposal of NABARD. As currently designed, PMKSY has four components: Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program (₹ 11,060 crore), 'per drop, more crop' component (₹ 16,300 crore) to support micro irrigation, watershed program (₹ 13,590 crore) and a new component called Har Khet Ko Pani (₹ 9,050 crore) to construct one water harvesting structure per village by 2020. The implementation of PMKSY was to be kicked off with the preparation of District Irrigation Plans (DIPs) by state governments using a format provided by Government of India. Some 240 district plans are apparently ready although only Chhattisgarh and Nagaland have placed their DIPs in public domain.

Is PMKSY on the right path? Does it have the potential to deliver Har Khet Ko Pani? Does it reflect the current irrigation reality of India? Is there a better way to design and implement PMKSY to target effort and resources where it matters most? This IWMI-Tata Policy Paper offers an early analysis to help implement a better PMKSY with greater potential for socio-economic and livelihood impacts.

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