November 8, 2012

2012: Highlight # 34

In India, the fortunes of groundwater and energy sectors are closely tied. What can we learn from other countries to better manage this intricate nexus? Aditi Mukherji and Tushaar Shah discuss...

A Review of International Experience in Managing Energy Irrigation Nexus

Aditi Mukherji and Tushaar Shah

India is the world’s largest user of groundwater. There are a few other countries like Mexico, Spain, Pakistan, Bangladesh and China which also make intensive use of groundwater. Can these countries offer useful lessons for India? This highlight reviews groundwater institutions and policies in these countries, with a special focus on the interlinkages between energy and groundwater. It finds that while there are useful lessons from international experience, none of the other countries offer unmetered electricity to farmers as India does. It is this lack of energy accounting and resistance to metering that is at the heart of the invidious energy-irrigation nexus in India.

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