January 26, 2003

2003: Highlight # 15

Saurashtra witnessed a massive people's movement for groundwater recharge. Sakthivadivel and Nagar discuss the efficacy of community efforts in Dudhada village...

Private Initiative for Groundwater Recharge

Case of Dudhada Village in Saurashtra

R. Sakthivadivel and R.K. Nagar

In Dudhada, a 42 km long artificial canal was built for recharging groundwater by villagers with support and inspiration from diamond merchants. The approach is being replicated in about 400 villages of Bhavnagar and Amreli districts under the popular recharge movement: 'Saurashtra Jal Kranti'.

The study shows that large investments and full-scale participation do not guarantee desired results unless the recharge structures built on the surface are linked to the aquifer with natural fractures that permit quicker recharge. Also, considerable savings in investments are possible if water harvesting structures are planned after a thorough study of the rainfall pattern.

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